Chart – Women and men as employers and employees in South Africa

One of the important features of entrepreneurship in South Africa, is the amount of energy invested in supporting women to start-up businesses. As an orientation to why this is important, several business development practitioners have argued that “more men are employers, and most women are self-employed (meaning they employ no other person). The Quarterly Labour Force Survey provides data to verify the trend, but does raise some questions for further interrogation.
The charts below provides the status of employment for men and women using the 2nd quarter (2011) Labour Force Data.
zapreneur breakdown of male and female employment

 Initial Interpretation

These chart provides data for the employed in South Africa in terms of employee, employer, own account worker (self-employed, and not employing anyone else) and unpaid member of the household. The data is calculated as a percentage for each gender. It shows the following:

  • The majority (over 80%) of males and females that are employed, are employees in a company.
  • A small number of women (2,9%) identified themselves as employers, compared to 7,8% of men.
  • More women (10,3%) than men (8,6%) as a percentage of their gender are own-account workers (i.e. self-employed and having no employees).
  • Unsurprisingly, more women (1,25) provide unpaid work than men (o.4%)

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Discipline Malema, Just do not think redistributive pressures will be disciplined

zapreneur_article on julius malema. screen grab for ANCYL website
Presidential Discipline? Julius Malema faces disciplinary charges. Credit - Screen Grab without compensation from the ANCYL website. 

The African National Congress Youth League (ANCYL)responded late last night to the charges being laid against its President, Julius Sello Malema, and a member of its National Executive Committee, Floyd Shivambu. Over the weekend, the ANCYL President shored up support within the youth league  at a special meeting of its national executive committee, which dutifully provided support to it’s President, and indicated that a “political issues” needed to be discussed with the leadership of the African National Congress (ANC). In an indication of the proposed mobilisation strategy to support the President, the ANCYL concluded its statement with the following:
The Special NEC re-affirmed the determination to fight tirelessly
and fearlessly for economic freedom in our lifetime, particularly
nationalisation of Mines, expropriation without compensation and provision
of free quality education for all.
The strategic intent, from within Malema’s camp,  is clearly to recast the disciplinary process, as trying to silence the radical programme of economic transformation being proposed by the ANCYL. Those opposed to Malema, are suggesting that brute strength will subdue an increasingly visible and vociferous Malema. It will be an intriguing political contest, and unfortunately will have implications for how the agenda on tackling inequality will shape up. There are three major reasons why the process and outcome of the disciplinary hearing will have on  matters  the public policy agenda on inequality and redistribution.
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